Dr. Richard L. Bitner has turned his column over to Deb Nehlig this month. Deb is a Pilates Method Alliance Certified Teacher as well as a Registered Yoga Teacher (200 hours). She’s here to help you prepare for the physical demands of the gardening season by using an everyday routine of yoga and Pilates.
Every year, people in the Northeast are seen in doctors’ offices for gardening overuse injuries or back pain due to weekend gardening heroics after a somewhat sedentary winter. Such injuries are somewhat expected; after all, gardening requires bending, digging, pulling, lifting and twisting.
There is a way to wisely approach spring gardening weekends without suffering from sore knees and a tight back in the days that follow. Taking time to prepare your body for the physical demands of the season will lead to an enjoyable summer in the garden. As you are planning changes to your perennial beds and sharpening your tools, take some time to do some preliminary strengthening and stretching. Your knees, back, hips, shoulders and arms will thank you for it.
In the early ’90s, I was an aerobics teacher who enjoyed gardening on the weekends. Thinking I was in great shape, I was surprised by the fact that my body felt tired and sore after spending a few hours in the garden. I began to research how I could help my back and stumbled across Pilates. I began following a VHS tape, as that was all that was available in rural Illinois, and within weeks I noticed a difference. What started as an experiment with my own body, led to a change, as I began to focus my teaching on Pilates and yoga. Over the years, numerous students have told me that they notice a difference in how their bodies respond to the demands of gardening and yard work thanks to yoga and Pilates.
Credit goes to Joseph H. Pilates, who developed the Pilates method over a period of 60 years. Using the mat work and equipment he invented, he was a pioneer in functional, full-body exercise.
Pilates can not only improve posture and balance, but it can also strengthen and tone. It increases flexibility, muscle control and lung capacity. Well known to the New York dance and performing arts community for decades, the method found more converts and wider interest when a 2000 lawsuit released the right to the name and brought Pilates into the fitness community. Pilates is perfect for anyone – from beginner to the advanced athlete – who is looking to cross-train.
All healthy movement is good. But, what makes yoga and Pilates especially good choices to complement gardening? Let’s consider the basic movements involved in an average day in the garden.
Bending forward and kneeling down Almost everyone has seen a poster or read an article about the proper form for bending and lifting to protect your back. Bend the knees, keep your back straight, and use your leg muscles and not your lower back to lift the weight. Squatting down requires more than leg strength to protect the knees. The ankles and hips need to be agile and flexible. Pilates exercises and yoga poses provide opportunities to move the ankle and hip joint through a healthy range of movement.
Pulling and Pushing If all the muscles are working synergistically, no one particular muscle has to do it all. Bending forward to pull weeds or push a wheelbarrow can be helped with strong arms and legs. The key is utilizing the strength of the torso (core) to initiate movement. Variations of the plank pose taught in yoga and Pilates train the core, legs and arms together.
Balance The ground is uneven and you can be caught unaware when you are mindlessly carrying bags of peat. Strong outer hip muscles support our balance. Standing balance poses in yoga – like tree or chair poses – work to develop the nervous system and strengthen the side hip muscles.
Mind/Body Awareness One of the amazing benefits of yoga and Pilates is the union of movement with breath, concentration and noticing how you feel. “No pain no gain” is not a guiding principle. Bring this practice of awareness to your weekend gardening projects and perhaps you will notice how your body feels before you have done too much for the day.
Perhaps you are new to yoga and Pilates and are not sure where to start. Experiment with my top exercises. Remember that all movement should feel good. I suggest you never stretch to the full end range and always back off if you feel anything sharp in the joint itself. A little goes a long way.
Consistency is more important than the amount of time you spend. Don’t worry if your schedule doesn’t permit a long routine. Joe Pilates recommended practicing his method at least four times a week. I personally notice a great benefit when I do a minimum of 20 minutes a day.
If you are already an avid mover, adding this simple stretching routine can rapidly reap perceptible benefits. If you are looking for more instruction and motivation, seek out a qualified teacher, maybe starting with a gentle- or beginner-level yoga class. Some may choose to do private lessons with a Pilates teacher on the Pilates equipment for more personalized instruction.
Or, seek out a beautiful flat spot in your garden that would be perfect for 15 minutes of movement where you can enjoy the fruits of your labor. Happy digging!
Looking for a book with more in-depth information on yoga or Pilates? Two of my favorites: Kripalu Yoga A Guide to Practice On and Off the Mat by Richard Faulds and The Everything Pilates Book by Amy Taylor Alpers and Rachel Taylor Segel.
If you have any physical needs, conditions or injuries that might prohibit you from performing the described exercises, please consult your physician before beginning. This information is not intended to replace the advice of your physician or physical therapist. Lancaster County magazine, Deb Nehlig, and Dr. Bitner disclaim any liability for any exercise decisions you make based on this Gardening Journey.