Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


  1. Gen. Thomas Boude purchased Stephen Smith, the son of an enslaved woman, who was born in after Pennsylvania passed its Gradual Abolition Act to abolish, which made children born after 1780 indentured servants for 28 years. Boude then bought Smith’s mother, who ran away from her owner. Smith learned the lumber business working in Boude’s lumberyard before buying his freedom and with his support Smith started his own successful lumber company.